The urban district of Bordeaux has 27 municipalities and 702,522 inhabitants (2006). Founded in 1968, this supra municipal authority has competences in networks (water, sanitation, traffic, roads, parking, transportation) as well as housing, urban planning, sports facilities, economic development and environment.
The President of the urban district of Bordeaux (CUB), Mr Vincent Feltesse calls today INTA to come and reflect on the long-range vision of the metropolis of Bordeaux. Indeed, projects for the next 15 years are already under way, but it is necessary to consider the type of projects that will have to be put up for 15 years after.
International intervention of INTA has not focused on the validation of current projects but on a work that explores the possible future (future development of the metropolitan region, impact of climate change, habitat, mode of production). This reflection has led to proposals that have enabled the CUB to define a development strategy for mid-long term.
How will we move tomorrow?
How will look like a senior citizens society?
What patterns of consumption, for which types of consumers?
What role for ICTs?
How to implement a more cohesive society, where everyone finds his/her place?
How to combine city and nature?
This Panel is part of the work of the Community of Competences on Metropolisation that is being created.
In this framework, INTA has responded to this invitation by organizing an international advisory panel to complement the forecasting process that has been set up by the Mission 2025, Bordeaux Métropole 3.0.
Panelists from URA international (Singapore), Urenio (University of Thessaloniki, Greece), Eco2 Team (World Bank), Deltametropool (The Netherlands), Tecnalia (Bilbao, Spain), Urban design and architecture firms (Glasgow, Paris, London), Cologne (Germany) and ParqueExpo (Portugal) have formed the international team of experts together with local experts from the Metropolitan District Government and the Metropolitan Planning Agency.
The mission has launched since April 2010 a series of initiatives to shape the future of the metropolitan area of Bordeaux. From April 2010 to June 2011, the CUB is initiating a forward thinking approach with a series of conferences, scientific committee, discussions with local people as well as experimental projects.
The round of conferences have addressed several issues including the complex relationships between city, agriculture, nature and landscape; creative city, sustainable city, desirable city, future modes of consumption; mobility, and Bordeaux-Toulouse as an axis of development. These topics have been discussed again during the Panel to highlight and confront the ideas already exchanged during these meetings.
These themes have been met again through 3 workshops during the international advisory Panel, in which international and local experts discussed the future of cities based the case of Bordeaux as well as on international examples.
The first workshop covered the new urban production: new places and new forms of industrial economic, social, service and knowledge productions. What urban and space productions in a process of metropolising territories? Issues such as new business models, urban dynamics in the city of tomorrow, the place for innovation, technology, residential economy, knowledge-led economy have been addressed.
The second focused on the mobility of the metropolis and sober lifestyles: environmental conservation, natural resource development, and mobility of tomorrow. How will be the sustainable metropolitan area of Bordeaux? How will be produced with the city in 2030?
The third workshop questionned the role and influence of Bordeaux metropolitan area in the network of cities of the South-western Europe, in terms of positioning, features, networks, cooperation, governance, at different scales: regional, national and international.
Finally, among societies increasingly standardized and territories looking for authenticity and tradition, can a Bordeaux "lifestyle exist and be significant? If so, what are the crucial points (culture, time availability, solidarity, environment, speed, utilities...)?
The international advisory Panel, which has been held in Bordeaux from 28 November to 4 December, has been preceded by a preparatory seminar with French stakeholders on November 9-10 in Paris on the future of metropolis.