International peer-to-peer Panel to develop a territorial strategic vision for the provincial municipality of Andahuaylas, Apurimac region, Peru. 2-9 March 2013
The strong urban growth that the city of Andahuaylas has known in recent years has updated the dynamic contradictions between urban and rural territory.
High migration flows created by the expansion of mining areas are mainly directed towards the outward districts of the city and rural villages which become new poles of development.
The rural-urban ecosystem faces a situation of uncontrolled growth. The watershed of the Chumbao river includes 3 districts (Andahuaylas, Talavera and San Jerónimo), and the fragility of this area requires the to set up a planning system that meets the current and future issues of this area.
In this context, the Provincial Municipality of Andahuaylas has initiated a reflection on the territorial vision, through the creation of new urban management tools such as the Development plan for the province of Andahuaylas (PAT) and the Masterplan for the Chumbao basin for 2032 (PDU).
The provincial municipality has called upon INTA to gather an international panel able to meet three objectives:
- Define a strategic vision for the city of Andahuaylas for 2032
- Validate strategic lines, from projects of the same complexity, to be included in the future planning documents (PAT and PDU)
- Participate in an international forum on governance of urban project.
Some conclusions of the Panel
From 2-8 March, an international panel of practitioners and officials from Colombia, Ecuador, Canada, Francia, y Perú has been held in the City of Andahuaylas, in the Peruvian Andes.
The Province of Andahuaylas is composed by an urban area gathering 3 districts (Andahuaylas, Talavera and San Jeronimo), along the Chumbao river and 16 other districts mainly rural with more than 200 villages.
The urban area is suffering traffic congestion, water pollution and substandard housing in informal neighbourhoods, and lacks in some parts of basic services.
The area benefits from a high attractiveness thanks to a major commercial fair held every Sunday and an airport that makes it the economic capital of the Apurimac region besides the fact that it is not the capital region.
However, this fair is being overcrowded and generates more pollution and congestion in the city.
Therefore, the question being raised here is how foreseen a sustainable city keeping the strong strings that this territory has with its hinterland, agriculture lands and mining activities having a major impact on the development of the city.
On Friday 8 March, the Panel has presented its conclusions as part of the reflection of the Municipality to trigger a more sustainable urban/rural environment, based on the diagnostic made from the earrings of local actors:
- a territory with a lot of conflicts but also a lot of potentials;
- water as the river Chumbao is the central axis of understanding the territory: human and urban development have been done along the river, water contamination (waster, mining) is a major problem on the region as water is a central means for agriculture and health;
- local stakeholders are willing to get involved in the future of their territory and need to be listened to to get a shared vision of the development;
- the delineation between urban and rural territories shows that there is a need to wider the perimeter of territorial planning to embrace rural human settlements outside of the urban area that have geographical and economic connexions with the city;
- in order to get an efficient masterplan that can be implemented, the strategic vision has to be seen at different scales.
The Panel has insisted on the role of education and management for water, environmental issues, leadership and governance, but also to develop Andahuaylas as academic centre for the region hosting several universities.
All the stakeholders have shown a real interest in the future of the territory and it shows how important the coproduction of a shared vision for the development of the area is needed. The relationship with public authorities has to change to become a continuous relationship that involves all stakeholders and make them responsible for their own territory for the general interest and not only from individual perspectives.
Media have also to be involved and support the shared vision and institutional strengthening for districts and province municipalities.
At what scale rethinking the territory?
There are several scales to think of the territory:
- national and regional : Andahuaylas is a strategic point on the commercial road Lima-Nazca-Cuzco and the biggest city of the region counting with an airport and a major fair.
- a broaden territory than the Chumbao valley with economic, retail, logistics connexions between human settlements and the city centre
- urban area: the specific perimeter of the future Urban Plan that includes only the urbanization area of the 3 districts: Talavera, San Jeronimo and Andahuaylas.
Having a broaden vision than just the urban area, some projects can be implemented to develop the territory:
- On the economic perspective: Sunday fair, agriculture, mining, industry to strengthen the economic planning of the territory. Creating a logistic hub close to the airport;
- On the management of water;
- On an integrated system of mobility to increase the accessibility of the valley and to reduce contamination and congestion;
- On the cultural sector, creating a cultural centre;
- On the housing sector, creating a common incentive with the population and the Municipality with the support of the Ministry of Housing to get a housing programme to avoid informal settlements on the slopes;
- On spatial development, the Panel has suggested to preserved the geographical and structure of the valley to highlight different specific and strategic areas in the valley: university, city centre (social, cultural, economic), a low density area to preserve for future development, the eastern door of the Valley (Talavera).