3 - 4 September 2012, Paris
The preamble includes several questions:
> Which criteria, or toolkit or reference framework are necessary to cities to become smart?
> How being smart could improve the attractiveness of a territory?
>How far digital a city should go to be sustainable?
… Short summary of the first conclusions:
>Is the DATA a common good?
>Is the individual the ultimate reason to unfold smartness?
>The key role of economic model in the spreading out of a smart city policy
>The urban ICT as accelerator of change and transformation of the conventional urban eco-systemas of the industrial and economic basis.
Let the data speak: what are the limits of being smart?
Social media, the internet, ‘cloud’ computing, sensors and mobile phones are creating a ‘smart’ or digital infrastructure that is more powerful every year, allowing us to do everything from communicating with one another to solve problems collectively, to making our electricity grids more efficient, to providing new options for services such as using video conference instead of driving to the office. Cities that face choking congestion from traffic, rising CO2 emissions, or power outage during times of peak energy demand now have new options to solve those challenges by putting in place advanced digital infrastructure. An ‘intelligent’ or ‘smart’ city is one that meets these challenges through the strategic application of ICs to provide new services to citizens or to manage more efficiently the existing infrastructure. (Arup Accenture)
Government and business leaders have to recognize the value created by smart city thinking. The technology-enabled city is an untapped source of sustainable growth and represents a powerful approach for tackling unprecedented environmental and economic challenges. By unlocking technology, infrastructure and public data, cities can open up new value chains that spawn innovative applications and information products that make possible sustainable modes of city living and working. While smart initiatives are underway in urban centers around the world, most cities have yet to realize the enormous potential value from fully-integrated, strategically-designed smart city development programs. We believe that through clear vision and, most of all, leadership, civic leaders and executives can help cities make the transition to initiatives that maximize the smart city value opportunity. (Information Marketplaces: The new economics of cities, Accenture, Arup and the University of Nottingham)
Smart city thinking is becoming the starting point for new territorial, social and economic ambitions. It is a social issue as it implies the collective and democratic participation of the users, but it is also a political issue that puts into question the management and urban governance and its transformation.
Fashion phenomena or not, there is a growing economy around the development of smart cities. The global market for technologies related to "smart city" will be multiplied by five over the next five years, from $ 8 billion in 2010 to more than $ 39 billion (27 billion euros) in 2016. (Andrew Nusca)
Despite this technical optimism, local decision-makers remain dubious and confused about how to approach the role of large digital infrastructure within the city, especially when they are told that the choice is between only one solution (Gérard Magnin). It is important to dedramatise the issue of urban intelligence, to ease the fantasy of the magic wand of the digital city and to pose the only question that matters: for whom, and for what the city of tomorrow?
Five acts to makea smart city less dramatic
1/ Smart city is more than a definition
2/ Optimisation of the existent city by digitalisation
3/ The creation of the city by (with) digitalisation
4/ Overall purpose of being smart
5/ Digital policies: public or private initiative for a Smart City?