What levers to recreate urban value? What conditions to renew the residential attractiveness of Saint-Fons?
This central questioning was the starting point of a guiding development plan of the "Northern area of Saint-Fons entrusted by the Greater Lyon to the Urban Planning Agency in 2017. Saint-Fons and the Greater Lyon wish to improve and share widely this planning document. The INTA panel approach, in the form of sharing practices and experiences, should make it possible to fix the strategic choices that should bring about the renewal of Saint-Fons and to anchor its vocation to be a city of the first "ring". The peer-to peer panel session will be held from march 17 to 23.
The main challenges: to recreate value in Saint-Fons
> Building a broader urban and territorial strategy to strengthen Saint-Fons' connections with the metropolitan area (Eastern Axis - what is called the "urban staple" or clipping to Lyon) - the assets that can be mobilized; the levers of attractiveness ...
⇒ Connect Saint-Fons to major metropolitan sites (Le Puisoz, parks...)
> Saint-Fons, a robust and resilient territory: placing mobility issues at the heart of the 2030 Agenda project
⇒ Significantly increase the accessibility of Saint-Fons to the metropolitan public transport network and to the nearest multimodal interchange hubs (Gerland and Vénissieux stations).
⇒ Give shape to an "East-West structuring corridor" between Lyon Gerland, Saint-Fons and Vénissieux
> Rethinking the relationship between city and industry / impulse a new economic momentum: in particular the chemical industry, reconversion of wastelands ...
> Change the image of the city / promote a positioning / create value
The Métropole de Lyon by 2030: an attractive, balanced and united agglomeration based on:
Sustained economic and residential growth, redesigned in its organization and renewed in its forms, driving the agglomeration project with four competitiveness clusters, one of which has a global vocation, major equipment and events in support of development and outreach (Biennale of dance and contemporary art, Festival Lumière, ...), modern business parks and tertiary centers (Confluence, Carré de Soie, Part-Dieu, Gerland);
The need for greater territorial and social solidarity to fight against exclusion and strengthen coexistence in an agglomeration whose values have been marked by a long humanist tradition: sustained demographic and residential growth leading to 150,000 additional inhabitants based on a 15% increase in the pace of construction, a significant effort in terms of residential attractiveness with a diversified housing supply located in urban polarities and close to public transport and increased production of social housing in the least equipped sectors;
Environmental quality as both a factor of development and as an essential determinant of the quality of life and health of the inhabitants.
A sustainable agglomeration, based on a multipolar organization and structured around three major networks: the green network of natural and agricultural areas, the blue network of rivers, the public transport network.
Context of the integrated project of Saint-Fons
Saint-Fons, despite its positioning in the inner suburbs of Lyon, suffers a significant lack of attractiveness due to the presence, and the inherent risk, of heavy industries (Chemistry) and the many urban "scars" created by roads (A7 motorway, Laurent Bonnevay Boulevard Urbain South), railways (Paris Lyon Marseilles and Grenoble lines), coupled with large industrial areas (Valley of Chemistry, Arsenal) ...
These "scars" are not offset by a high-level public transport offer or by a quality urban structure: lack of green spaces, decaying buildings that have not been redeveloped, difficulties in finding ways in this fragmented environment. This lack of attractiveness is reflected at the same time by a net migration deficit balanced by a very strong birth rate, and by the arrival, more by default than by choice, of populations more and more precarious.
Despite these weaknesses, Saint-Fons has important assets: its geographical location in the inner suburbs, a network of shops and restaurants that attracts a large workforce at lunch time, a suburban fabric that is a real potential and gives it a strong identity, an important network of public and associative services even if it lacks legibility, local solidarities and the dynamics of its youth.
However, the supply of public services, other than those provided by the city or the metropolis, is reduced or is closed thus not matching the local needs; services are dematerialized, making the access more complicated for the most fragile populations. The local population concentrates difficulties and impoverishes: low resources, widening of the gaps with the agglomeration, low level of qualification, rate of unemployment much higher than the local and national averages. Precariousness is increased by access to rights, which is complicated both by language problems (proportionally the largest foreign population in the County) and the accumulation of social difficulties.
The population, just like the professionals of the territory have, for multiple reasons, difficulties to establish strong links with the center of the agglomeration: complex mobility, transit mainly oriented towards the East or the South, tradition of autonomy of a long rich territory thanks to a financial windfall brought by its flourishing industry.
Saint-Fons has throughout its history been a territory of experimentation and innovation. There are many examples in the field of education as well as in culture, economy, employment and integration. This characteristic deserves to be further developed and capitalized so that the territory, which is qualified as "the smallest of the large municipalities of the agglomeration", can find the recognition and the image that also match its strengths.