A contribution to the discussion by Rémi Feredj, Director of sells and logistics, RATP, France

which-right-to-the-cityIn face of the challenges posed by both the economic crises and the end of a cycle, the question on habitat goes beyond the usual horizon of its production method to embrace that of the inhabiting way. Is it by a new approach to the habitat social contract and, by feedback, by another type of land policy, that we can overcome this crisis? Is it by a new financial model that we'll be able to mix it up and to produce more, while densifying the city? Finally, which is the right problem seizure level: locally, intercommunality, the metropolis? Is the rural a solution to the urban crisis trough the public transports?

Today's habitat:

a.        Quantitative deficit and polarization
b.        Mixed bloc and non real
c.         Impoverishment of social housing
   i.        Resources ceilings play a foreclosure effect
   ii.        The very social question
     1.      Offer not correctly attuned
     2.         ...
   iii.        The pitfalls stand by the governments
   iv.        The evicted middle class
     1.        Farther from the center
     2.        More expensive housing
d.        The financial model questioned
   i.        The existing land
   ii.        The existing land
     1.         Pollution
     2.        Volume
     3.        Retention
e.         Economic challenges beyond the housing issue
   i.        An economically weakened population
   ii.        Numerous life accidents
   iii.        Low turnover rate (no social residential history)

Tomorrow's Habitat

a.         A production based approach
   i.        The issues of producing a greater housing number in the dense regions, with mixing, quality, closer work/home, etc... exit price
   ii.         The land issue at the core of the topic, by its mobilization (wasteland ... etc.) by its inception (construction volume, height, over-densities etc ...)
b.        An approach based on ways of living
   i.        Cohabitation / separate living both juvenile and senile
   ii.        Residential routes: route of pay progression and not mix
   iii.        Real mix and not segregating
   iv.        Shared services
   v.         The way of living
     1.          Telecommuting
     2.         Distancing from the centers
c.          An approach by the housing instrument
   i.         As element of the social contract
   ii.         Towards an unique typology
   iii.         Habitat ≠ housing
     1.          The issues of public equipments
     2.         The public spaces, their appropriation, their management
     3.         The social relation: nest of solidarity
   iv.         The habitat at the core of a functional mix: for a city's sharing

The right to the City

a.          The land issue
   i.         The right to land reform
   ii.         The topic's seizure level (communes, agglomeration communities?)
   iii.         Global thinking, local acting
b.         The housing's production cost
   i.         The discrimination by the sustainable development
   ii.         The notion of affordable housing
   iii.         The settlement
c.          Access ?
   i.         The pitfalls of social access
   ii.         Its challenges, the park's efficient flow, the warranty
d.         The city's beauty and definition
   i.         Participation to the urban forms' definition
   ii.         Education by urbanism
   iii.         Highlight the job creation and inclusion by construction work
   iv.         The cities everyday management

 

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