The advantage of the virus is that it makes a mockery of our national strategies and crosses the borders of our countries with ease. It forces us to better define a global strategy at the global level. It is not a question of falling back on our sovereignty and saying to ourselves that this must be settled in our own country and that we must be autonomous in our response to this virus. On the other hand, it is necessary to review the forms of globalization and to define what should be at the level of a country or a group of countries and what should be at the level of the planet.

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Which Globalization ?

Column by Jean-Yves Chapuis, sociologist, urban planner, elected in Rennes city (France) from 1983 to 2014, former vice-president at the Rennes Metropolis and director of the school of architecture in Rennes. He is now an advisor in urban strategy.

The advantage of the virus is that it makes a mockery of our national strategies and crosses the borders of our countries with ease. It forces us to better define a global strategy at the global level.

It is not a question of falling back on our sovereignty and saying to ourselves that this must be settled in our own country and that we must be autonomous in our response to this virus. On the other hand, it is necessary to review the forms of globalization and to define what should be at the level of a country or a group of countries and what should be at the level of the planet.

We European countries have been able to reduce our carbon footprint by sending our polluting factories to developing countries or countries in the South. What part should we take? the decrease is not the same for everyone, it is the 30% of the richest who should be decreasing according to Gaël Giraud.

All countries will have to become co-managers of a new world. On the other hand, inequalities are reaching an unprecedented level. Moreover, these inequalities are now visible everywhere. As a result, we are experiencing an incredible globalization of the imagination. The poor today know perfectly well where they stand in relation to the rich.

It is also a good opportunity to review the glaring inequalities that no longer apply in a globalized world. What should be a salary scale between a boss and the person at the bottom of the hierarchy in a company? The respect, recognition and visibility of each and everyone requires that this salary scale be specified and above all corresponds to a reality of work and its social utility. The pandemic is making all the health professions explode in broad daylight about their essential role in relation to our human condition.

What about the traders who earn millions of euros on the financial speculation of state debt.

Put the money back where it belongs?

What makes the richness of a life is the meeting, the exchange, the other. How to be indifferent to difference? But be careful not to fall into collapse, you have to give hope. Men have developed an impressive number of technologies, it is not a question of stopping everything, but of questioning those which, according to market logic, as soon as it finds a buyer, it circulates no matter how harmful they are.

In these particular times Montaigne's philosophy can be useful to us. He who knew the pandemic of the plague and the wars of religion. He teaches us, as Antoine Compagnon says, that the wisdom associated with retirement is a difficult conquest, but that confinement can be domesticated through reading? or the words of the philosopher Francis Wolff "only universalist ideas allow the coexistence of cultures". Let us be able to build a world where the mixing of civilizations and cultures is a producer of meaning and development.

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