The City of Malmö, INTA, the International Urban Development Association, and NCN, Nordic City Network have organised the conference in Malmö on the topic of Liveability on 7-8 October 2015. The conference is one of around many that will take place during 2015-16 in the framework of the INTA Initiative for Habitat III.
This project involves crossed contributions and various international experiences, with a very pragmatic but innovative approach. Our initiative is built around a series of international seminars hosted by a dozen dynamic of cities around the world. We are planning a sequence; each of the planned monthly meetings around the world with these cities between September 2015 and July 2016, at each of which we will address one of 10 identified future challenges. We will question with questions both key decision makers and hopefully inspire them key decision makers to address the pressing urban issues, and to in ways that challenge conventional approaches.
The ” well being” is different from the ”always more”. Not that the satisfaction of basic needs is negligible: housing, education, health, mobility, leisure, But other needs are emerging: the destruction that the economy imposes on the environment is fuelling protests by people who, though not formally environmentalists, suffer losses of income, housing and even human lives. Many social movements are born of ecological conflicts.
- Similarly conviviality is a rising need. Resistance or aspiration, new movements emerge. Socio-demographic movements in major regions play a decisive role in relation to development: aging, migration, birth control,
- Appearance of health demand related to living conditions: habitat, aging and mental health;
- Health is becoming a planning iss- ue: exposure to technological risks
- Health as an engine of regional development: jobs, attractiveness, innovation, medical tourism
New fiscal and economic crises increasing poverty and vulnerability with a significant worsening of the situation in the poor neighbourhoods:
- The ”low cost” city as a response
- ”living well and well being are becoming national policies.”, with effective implementation of new patterns of development
- Exponential rise of lifestyle diseases (obesity, cancer, stress ...) related to urban life
- Increasing privatization of education (not only)
The local level is playing an increasingly role (replacing the State) in redistributive policies:
- Change of indicator systems for the benefit of well-being indicators
- Promotion of alternative economies
- Increased role of culture as the city development lever
- International agreements on socio-demographics
- Public and social management of primary needs (more decentralization?)
- The hospitable (hospital) city
- Deployment of health services in connection with the territorial evolution
- Need to stay active longer to compensate for the lack of pensions
- The place of health in the local economy
Dans un contexte de transformation rapide des cadres de vie poussée par la technologie, le resserrement des finances publiques, la pression démographique alimentée par un courant important de migration, la question de la "vie bonne" se pose en des termes différents ; quelle place pour l'individu avec ses mœurs et ses besoins propres dans la définition d'une action publique d'intérêt général ; comment organiser et garantir des droit individuels face à la nécessité d'une action politique intégratrice; la mixité, qui est une composante essentielle de la qualité de vie, s'exprime-t-elle le mieux dans le logement, dans le travail, dans l'espace public ou dans la participation démocratique à la vie de la cité ?
L'atelier de l'architecte danois Jan Gehl a montré l'évolution que connaît d'une part cet espace public, passant des lieux ("places") à la rue ("street"), d'autre part des "communauté urbaines", comme les suédois nomment l'organisation de la société civile. La production de quartiers neufs autour de nouvelles gares dans Malmö est vue comme l'occasion de combler les écarts - close the gaps – tant sociaux que spatiaux et de mettre en œuvre une politique de renouvellement avec la participation des citoyens à la conditions que ces "communauté urbaines" jouent le jeu de la démocratie transparente et responsable.
Les scandinaves gardent confiance dans leur modèle social pour absorber les chocs de la transformation ; ils voient leurs "valeurs nordiques" de plus en plus largement acceptées au delà de leur périmètre géographique.
Une quarantaine de participants scandinaves ont partagé leurs expériences pendant 2 jours avec un programme de visites des nouveaux lieux de Malmö et des sessions très interactives.
Town Hall, Stortorget 2, Malmö
WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 7TH
14.00 WELCOME AND PARTICIPATERS MOOD BOARD
Christer Larsson, Managing Director, Malmö City Planning Office
15.00-17.00 EXCURSION AND PRESENTATION THREE MALMÖ CASES
18.00-19.00 DIALOGUE ON LIVEABILITY
Moderator: Christer Larsson, Managing Director, Malmö City Planning Office
Michel Sudarskis, General secretary INTA
Ewa Westermark, Partner/Director Gehl Architects
Mikael Stigendal, Professor Malmö University
19.00 Dinner at The Town Hall
THURSDAY OCTOBER 8TH
09.00-10.30 LIVEABILITY IN MALMÖ
Introduction: Katrin Jammeh Stjernfeldt, Mayor of Malmö
10.45-12.15 URBAN COMMUNITIES
Introduction: Louise Kielgast, Project Manager Gehl Architects
13.30-15.30 WORKSHOP: MALMÖ CASES
15.30-16.00 SUMMARY AND COFFEE BREAK
Malmö's contribution to UN Habitat III conference in Quito
Nordic City Network is a Think Tank of urban and regional planners and others, dedicated to developing Nordic cities as attractive, innovative and democratic Knowledge Cities. As our cities move from industrial to knowledge cities so must we change the way we plan our cities. Separating functions and sectorizing responsibilities and administrations is outdated – we now need to set out minds and efforts to structure, shape, organize and govern our cities as knowledge cities.
Nordic City Network is a network of cities dedicated to this challenge. It works as a platform, where theories are developed and ideas and experiences are exchanged
Malmö is the third largest city of Sweden, situated in the south of Sweden, by the sea. The city has 320.000 inhabitants and a population that is expanding for the 30th year in a row. The city is a city of diversity; 26% of the inhabitants were born abroad and 169 nationalities are represented. The inhabitants of Malmö speak over 100 different languages. It is also a young city; 50% of the population is under 35 years of age.
Malmö has, for the last 15 years, been undergoing a transition from being an industrial city to a city of knowledge. Older industries have been replaced by investments in new technology and training programmes of high calibre. Malmö University, which opened in 1998, is Sweden’s latest venture in the field of higher education, accommodating some 20.000 students.